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1 Though there are exceptions allowed in the TRIPs agreement, e.g. for reasons of public order and morality, the parent provision is sweeping, and in most cases pressure from industry and their home governments result in equally sweeping national laws.
2 The report is published by a non-profit organisation called Public Employees for Environmental Responsibility.
3 Hazards and risks may flow from the direct use of the bacterium as well as unregulated discharges into the environment from manufacturing plants of the product.
4 see Rissler and Mellon, Perils amidst the Promise, Ecological Risks of Transgenic Crops in a Global Market, Union of Concerned Scientists, 1993 and the case of the genetically engineered soil bacterium klebsiella planticola: findings to be published by Elaine Ingham and Michael Holmes, University of Oregon.
© Friedrich Ebert Stiftung | technical support | net edition fes-library | März 1998