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Copies can be ordered from Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Botswana Office
[page-number of print ed.: cover backside
Review of Business Licensing Laws of Southern Africa
The significance of licensing regulations is often overlooked in the literature on SMME development. This is surprising because the seven country reports summarised in this book suggest that licensing and related issues have the potential to be highly controversial.
In Namibia, South Africa and Zimbabwe, licensing regulations were regarded as oppressive and discriminatory to SMMEs until they were largely removed in the early 1990s. In Botswana, where some 70-75 % of the countrys micro and small businesses are currently operating unlawfully from residential plots, an independent SMME Task Force has recently recommended that licensing and zoning laws should be radically reformed. In Tanzania, the licensing system is associated with bureaucratic inefficiency and corruption: approximately 70% of SMMEs currently operate in disregard of the licensing rules. In Zambia, the enforcement of licensing laws by local authorities against street traders has become highly politicised and the cause of conflict between central and local government.
This book reviews the policy issues associated with licensing, zoning and deregulation in seven countries of Southern Africa. Mauritius is the only country in which licensing laws appear to have generated little debate, perhaps because licensing policy in Mauritius is dictated by the need to make optimum use of land and other resources on a small island.
© Friedrich Ebert Stiftung | technical support | net edition fes-library | November 2000